Crocus flowers are low-growing perennial flowering plants from the iris (Iridaceae) family.
Crocus flowers lead the way for other spring bloomers to follow. They bloom bright and early, bringing much needed color after a long winter. These small-but-mighty plants with their colorful blooms and sweet fragrance lure hungry bees out of their hives. Crocus plants will multiply and come back year after year, bringing more blooms with them each time.
Crocus flowers come in Easter-egg colors of purple, yellow, lavender, cream and white. Over time, these carefree bulbs will naturalize and multiply to produce more flowers every year. Crocus blossoms are magnets for winter-weary bees, who are drawn to the rich, golden pollen inside each flower.
Types of Crocus Flowers
This variety of Crocus sieberi bears snowy, chalice-shaped flowers with deep yellow throats that appear in early spring.
Lilac blooms that sport yellow throats and appear abundantly in late winter and early spring make this variety of Crocus sieberi unique.
Crocus vernus ‘Flower Record’ produces large goblet-shaped pale violet blooms that open above grasslike foliage.
This variety of Crocus x luteus produces grasslike leaves and cup-like yellow to yellow-orange flowers with olive-green striping on the outside.
Crocus chrysanthus ‘Goldilocks’ is an early-blooming variety that has bright golden-yellow flowers.
Also known as spring crocus, Crocus vernus ‘Jeanne d’Arc’ has cup-like white flowers with small purple bases and bright orange pistils.
Crocus tommasinianus ‘Lilac Beauty’ offers lilac-blue flowers that gradually open to reveal showy, divided gold stamens. It flowers abundantly in early spring on plants that grow 2 inches tall.
This large-flower variety of Crocus vernus ‘Pickwick’ has silvery lilac-striped blooms that appear abundantly in early spring. It grows 4 inches tall.
Crocus sieberi ‘Tricolor’ has fragrant lilac-blue flowers illuminated at the base by broad yellow and white bands.
Crocus vernus ‘Yellow Mammoth’ offers gigantic golden-yellow blooms that pop up in early spring and naturalize easily to spread a layer of sunshine under bare trees and shrubs. It grows 5 inches tall.
Crocus speciosus lives up to its name, producing blue flowers in October. Unlike spring crocuses, it is planted in the summer. It grows 4–6 inches tall.